PERIODONTITIS is inflammation and infection of the ligaments and bones that support the teeth. Also, people with diseases like diabetes tend to develop gum disease more frequently than others. However, if it is diagnosed in the early stage i.e. gingivitis, it can be treated and reversed. If treatment is not received, a more serious and advanced stage i.e. periodontitis may follow which includes bone loss and is irreversible.
A PERIODONTIST is a dentist who specializes in the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of periodontal disease.
AT ORION, we stress that periodontal health should be achieved in the least invasive and most cost-effective manner. This is often accomplished through non-surgical periodontal treatment, including scaling and root planning.
The surgical approach to treatment is usually recommended for resistant cases where complete removal of the irritants from root surface of the tooth is not possible by scaling alone due to the deep penetration of the deposits. There are two major stages of periodontal disease, gingivitis and periodontitis.
Scaling, polishing, and sometimes curettage are used to manage gingival and early periodontal disease. They are usually accomplished in a series of two to three visits spaced a few days apart. We generally use both ultrasonic and manual instruments to remove calculus (plaque and tartar).
The ultrasonic scaler vibrates at a frequency range higher than is audible to the human ear. A spray of water is used with ultrasound to prevent overheating and to flush out the debris that is dislodged.
The dentist then smoothens the rough spots on the tooth. Smoothing the surface helps remove bacteria that collect there (root planing) and also helps the gums reattach.
Polishing is the finishing procedure. It uses a rubber cup with an abrasive paste to remove plaque and stains on the crown portion of the tooth. It produces a smooth surface, making it harder for plaque to adhere.
The flap surgery or flap operation involves reflection of the gums by 1-1 1/2 mm and debriding the area under local anesthesia with direct visualization of the deposits. The procedure is completely painless and involves minimum post-operative pain or discomfort.
Gum disease is one of the leading causes of tooth loss among adults and is also frequently linked to the control of diabetes. It is an infection in the gum tissues and bone that keep your teeth in place and has also been linked to heart diseases and strokes too.